What are dental implants?
Implant Treatment functions just like a natural tooth, is therefore considered as a new standard in tooth replacement. Dental implants can be used to replace a single tooth, multiple teeth or complete replacement of upper and lower arch. Implant Treatment comprises of 3 parts namely implant acting as artificial root is a metal post or frame that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gums, abutment that holds and support artificial teeth and a crown that is visible in the mouth that mimics natural teeth.
Implant Treatment versus fixed bridges. Which is Better?
While fixed bridges require the cutting of good tooth structure from the adjacent teeth, and partial dentures require other teeth to hold them in place. These teeth are severely weakened by the chewing forces on partial dentures. However, the implant provides stability to the jawbone without damaging teeth. The success rate of Implant Treatment is 97% as reported by AAID. The traditional concept of implant placement is to allow single tooth dental implants to fully integrate with the bone before “loading” them with biting forces. Hence permanent Implant crowns are placed following successful osseointegration.
However, research studies have demonstrated that "immediate" implants (teeth in a day) have high success rates in comparison with the implants that were allowed to heal for some months before receiving any type of crown. The correct type and size of implant can be chosen with the recent advances in implant dentistry, to prefabricate the crown (and abutment if necessary) and to fabricate a surgical guide to ensure accurate and exact implant and crown placement. However success rates of replacement of missing teeth in a day depends on post implant placement care by the patient as well. The patient should be careful for 6-8 weeks following Implant Treatment placement in not giving too much biting force to ensure complete attachment of implant with bone.