Malocclusion is having improper bite or a poor bite. The word occlusion refers to the bite, or how the teeth come together (occlude). Mal refers to bad or incorrect. Therefore, malocclusion is simply defined as a “bad bite.”Bite refers to the way the upper and lower teeth line up. In malocclusion, upper and lower teeth don’t sit properly as how they should be in a normal bite.
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in correction of bite by correcting the improper positioning of teeth and the jaws.Orthodontic treatment can correct the way teeth and jaws line up, and that may help a person improve his or her appearance. Dentists who are specially trained to correct malocclusion are called orthodontists.
If you are looking to change the look of your smile and also improve your health, consult our orthodontists at any of the branches of Apollo Dental and achieve a new smile which looks and functions the best. Apollo Dental has vastly experienced Orthodontists who are well trained and have hands on experience to use all the advanced tools and techniques to treat patients with problems of any severity.
What causes malocclusion?
Malocclusion is multifactorial. It can be the result of one or more factors involved.Malocclusion can be dental(improper alignment of teeth), skeletal(abnormal jaw development) or both. It is mostly acquired genetically.The following can be the causes of malocclusion:
- Malocclusion is mostly inherited.
- It can be due to discrepancy in the jaw size and teeth size when jaw size is inherited from one parent and teeth size is inherited from another parent. This provides a route to improper bite of upper and lower teeth.
- Anomalies of tooth size and shape cause poor bite.
- Abnormal soft tissues and mucosal barriers like high frenum can lead to midline diastema and improper speech
- Prolonged retention of primary teeth can open on to improper positioning of teeth and malocclusion
- Early loss of primary teeth leads to loss of arch length and results in crowding of teeth and malocclusion
- Unhealthy oral habits like thumb sucking, mouth breathing etc. cause constriction of jaw and end in crooked teeth.
- Prolonged use of pacifiers and bottle feeding can also lead to crowding of teeth
- Injuries to teeth or jaws can land in improper alignment of teeth
- Tumors of jaws can result in abnormal development of jaws and teeth
Why is it necessary to treat malocclusion?
Various malocclusions can deteriorate the look of your smile and this can affect your personality and self-esteem. Orthodontics corrects your flimsy look and gives you a celebrity smile.
Treating malocclusion and obtaining a proper alignment of teeth and jaws not only embellish your look but also keep you in good health. Crooked teeth are always difficult to clean and are more prone to decay. Correcting crowding of teeth helps you give straighter and healthy teeth for lifetime. Orthodontics can address various other problems like improper speech and eating habits.
How is malocclusion diagnosed?
We suggest an orthodontic examination by seven years of age. Mostly treatment may not be needed by this age; but problems like serious overlapping and crowding of teeth can be dealt with and addressed at an early age, since we believe in and endorse ‘prevention is better than cure’.
Malocclusion is also diagnosed during your regular dental visits. If you are not happy with the way you smile or the appearance of your smile is affecting your confidence, pay a visit to an orthodontist.
Orthodontist will examine your teeth and occlusion, take x rays and photographs of your face and teeth, take impressions of your teeth and diagnose the malocclusion, its type, severity and suggest suitable treatment options.
How is malocclusion treated?
Braces treatment can benefit people of any age. The time required to correct the irregularities of teeth and jaws varies from one patient to another depending on the complexity of the problem. The treatment time varies from six months to two to three years. The average time required is about twenty four months. The best approach to getting good information regarding the time required for treatment is to see us for a consultation about your case.
Various treatments include fixed braces like brackets and wires, invisible braces, removal of teeth to correct overcrowding, surgery to reshape the jaw etc.Slight discomfort and pain may be experienced by the patients during treatment like difficulty in eating, soreness of gums and mucosa etc. Early diagnosis and treatment will reduce the duration of treatment and will be less expensive.